Auto Data 3.40 Russian
Auto Data 3.40 Russian
Meanwhile, car ownership has become a status symbol, similar to owning a home in the West. Prices have been skyrocketing in large cities and are only slightly less in small towns, even though they are not necessarily needed in rural areas where most Russians live. The Russian government has sought to curb the rising prices by raising taxes on new cars and reducing subsidies on purchased vehicles.
In order to support mobility, the government also subsidizes many public transport projects, such as road construction and renovating existing urban transportation systems. According to estimates, around 80 percent of Russians live in cities with an urban population of more than 100,000.
The budget estimates that public transport needs approximately $17 billion in private funding to carry out large-scale projects in order to reach the EUs goals. Russian officials began planning a single integrated transportation system in 2000 but have yet to achieve their goals. As of 2017, only 12 percent of Russians used public transportation on a daily basis.
On the state level, the Russian Federation is made up of several regions and oblasts, or groups of oblasts. These are further divided into kraj or provinces. The Russian federation has fifteen federal subjects, as well as several autonomous areas that administer territories with unique legal and cultural characteristics, such as Oblast (Область, Province), Republic (Республика, region), Autonomous City (Автономный округ, Autonomous District), Autonomous Region (Автономное региональное правительство, Autonomous Administrative-Territorial Unit), and Autonomous Okrug (Автономный округ, Autonomous Okrug).
While Russia has abandoned communism, it has also adopted many elements of neoliberal capitalism. In the 1990s, the government began experimenting with privatizing state-owned firms, cutting back on services and regulations, and increasing taxes. The formerly state-run oil industry is one example of this. Initially, oil production was brought back in line with production levels in other communist countries. Eventually, however, the countrys oil industry was privatized, and now 45 percent of Russians use gasoline produced by private companies.
According to projections, Russia will be one of the three biggest car markets by 2025, along with China and the US. The countrys car market would rank third in the world in absolute terms and would comprise more than a quarter of global car sales. This growing popularity presents some challenges for the country. Russia has one of the highest car accident rates in the world, especially among young people. The 2011 global economic crisis also hit the countrys car market hard, and the industries share of the domestic market began to decline. Russian citizens themselves turned away from car ownership, as they began to acquire alternative transport means.
In addition to the economic toll that car ownership has taken on Russia, the government is concerned about the health effects of driving. Traffic-related deaths in Russia have increased sharply since the fall of the Soviet Union. According to official estimates, around 1.5 million Russians died in accidents between 1990 and 2010. This is in part because of the cold climate, which means that while car tires can slip on ice and snow, the roads may not be in great condition.